Last edited by Nikojind
Wednesday, May 13, 2020 | History

2 edition of Problems of radiation genetics found in the catalog.

Problems of radiation genetics

Nikolaĭ Petrovich Dubinin

Problems of radiation genetics

by Nikolaĭ Petrovich Dubinin

  • 4 Want to read
  • 27 Currently reading

Published by Oliver & Boyd in Edinburgh .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Radiogenetics.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. [411]-431.

    Statement[by] N.P. Dubinin. Translated by G.H. Beale.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQH652.5 .D813
    The Physical Object
    Paginationix, 445 p.
    Number of Pages445
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5937855M
    LC Control Number65006183

    Radiation - Radiation - Damage to genes (mutations): Gene mutations resulting from radiation-induced damage to DNA have been produced experimentally in many types of organisms. In general, the frequency of a given mutation increases in proportion to the dose of radiation in the low-to-intermediate dose range. At higher doses, however, the frequency of mutations induced by a given dose may be. Book: Genetic effects of radiation. + pp. Abstract: An attempt has been made in this volume to present the essential features of radiation genetics in a form suitable for readers without specific knowledge of either biology or by: 2.

    Books shelved as radiation: The Radium Girls: The Dark Story of America's Shining Women by Kate Moore, Hunger by Michael Grant, Chernobyl The I.   ERWIN Schrödinger (–) was a distinguished physicist who won the Nobel prize in for his pioneering work on wave mechanics. Yet, to biologists his name is permanently connected with a little book, entitled What Is Life?, that was greatly influential in inspiring a number of pioneers of molecular biology (S chrodinger ).Among those who acknowledged their debt to Schrödinger's Cited by:

    A genetic disease is any disease caused by an abnormality in the genetic makeup of an individual. The genetic abnormality can range from minuscule to major -- from a discrete mutation in a single base in the DNA of a single gene to a gross chromosomal abnormality involving the addition or subtraction of an entire chromosome or set of chromosomes. Radiation exposure can also increase the probability of developing some other diseases, mainly cancer tumors, and genetic damage. These are referred to as the stochastic effects of radiation, and are not included in the term radiation. Radiation Exposure. Radiation is energy that travels in the form of waves or high-speed particles.


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Problems of radiation genetics by Nikolaĭ Petrovich Dubinin Download PDF EPUB FB2

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Dubinin, N.P. (Nikolaĭ Petrovich), Problems of radiation genetics.

Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S. Atomic Energy Commission. Problems of radiation genetics. Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd [] (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: N P Dubinin. Find more information about: OCLC Number: Description: ix, pages illustrations 26 cm: Other Titles: Problemy radiat︠s︡ionnoĭ genetiki.

Genetic and somatic effects of radiation in children are discussed, particularly with respect to medical and fallout radiation sources. Only a small fraction of naturally occurring mutations can be attributed to background radiation (approximates rad/yr).

From symposium on the effects of neutron irradiation upon cell function; Nuremberg, Germany (22 Oct ). In the last years, the proliferation of nuclear reactors and other sources of high LET radiation has led to a number of large-scale projects on the genetic effects of fast neutrons in mammals, mainly mice, comparing the RBE of high and low LET radiation for the induction of gene muiations.

The book then covers DNA structure and function, DNA damage and repair, genetic effects, and the characteristics of cancer. The third quarter of the book covers the effects of radiation on various body organs and the entire body as well as effects remote from the site of radiation (the bystander effect).Cited by: 2.

In this section we are concerned chiefly with the problem of detecting and measuring the frequency of mutations in germ cells exposed to high-energy radiation. Breeding tests The objective of breeding tests of irradiated and control mice is to analyze the genetic constitution of single germ cells by examining the zygotes they produce or of.

The book describes how Muller inshowed that high precision energy radiation is the external cause to mutation in the gene itself if one allele can mutate without affecting its partner. The superstructure of genetics built upon the foundations of Mendelism has many applications including cytogenetics, polyploidy, human genetics, eugenics, plant breeding, radiation genetics, and the evolution theory.

Space Radiation Biology and Related Topics provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of space radiation biology. This book discusses space radiation hazards as well as the importance of natural radiations in the processes of Edition: 1.

The genetic doubling dose of radiation is the amount of acute or chronic radiation that will produce the same mutational impact on a population as occurs spontaneously each generation. To be societally relevant, that estimate is best expressed in terms of morbidity and by: The schedules (total radiation dose, dose per fraction, number of fractions, overall treatment time and volume irradiated) have been developed to maximize tumor kill and minimize normal tissue damage.

The radiation dose prescribed depends on the cancer type and surrounding normal tissue by: Public understanding of radiation needs to improve if people are to properly assess its benefits and risks argues author and academic, Timothy Jorgensen. From the discovery of radio to a cancer cluster in New Jersey, he chooses highly readable books illuminating different aspects of radiation.

Researchers have found that radiation can change how a mouse's genes work, and that the change can be passed along to its children and grandchildren, possibly increasing their risks of cancer. As per ICRP there is no evidence of radiation induced genetic effects in Humans (even in atomic bomb survivors).

Chernobyl area has large number of trees and animals. Direct exposure to an atomic blast can cause skin burns and radiation sickness. At smaller doses, radiation penetrates cells and affects DNA. That can lead to an increase in genetic mutations and a higher risk of developing cancer during one’s lifetime.

In the body, some kinds of radiation can travel to the thyroid gland, where it is absorbed. This book provides a thorough yet concise introduction to quantitative radiobiology and radiation physics, particularly the practical and medical application.

Beginning with a discussion of the basic science of radiobiology, the book explains the fast processes that initiate damage in irradiated tissue and the kinetic patterns in which such. Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books. My libraryMissing: radiation genetics.

Biological radiation a9tion comprises all levels of biological organization. It starts with the absorption in essential atoms and molecules and ends with the development of cancer and genetic hazards to future generations. The structure of the book reflects this.

Radiation can break your DNA different ways. If double strand breaks don't get fixed, then part of your DNA can be deleted, duplicated or stuck some place it shouldn't (like to other DNA).

Any of these problems can cause cancers and other genetic disorders. Double strand breaks can also be big problems for you and your future kids' chromosomes. Radiation: What It Is, What You Need to Know by Robert Peter Gale, M.D., and Eric Lax “Radiation” is an even-handed, educational and accessible book on radiation.

The book covers many forms of radiation like microwaves and radio waves which have insufficient energy to alter cells to the more energetic forms known as ionizing radiations that can alter the structure of atoms/5.

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Normal-tissue adverse effects following radiotherapy are common and significantly affect quality of life.

These effects cannot be accounted for by dosimetric, treatment, or demographic factors alone, and evidence suggests that common genetic variants are associated with radiotherapy adverse effects.

The field of radiogenomics has evolved to identify such genetic risk by: When radiation become significantly greater than background levels, the damage can overwhelm a cell’s natural defenses, leading to somatic and genetic damage.

How Radiation Damages Tissue When ionizing radiation strikes the atoms in a substance, some of its molecules may break apart or become stuck together in the wrong places.Suggested Citation:"Genetic Effects of Ionizing Radiation."National Research Council.

Effects on Populations of Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing gton, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: /